Ad Recruiting Black Men to Muchy

Former Confederate Officer Recruits Black Men to Work in Iowa Coal Mines in 1880

While researching how African Americans ended up being 55% of the population in Buxton, Iowa—which was established by Consolidation Coal Company—I did not expect to discover that one of the men who’d recruited African Americans to work in the company’s mines was Major Thomas Shumate, a Confederate officer. Within five to six years of establishing […]

Hattie Hutchison, first African American woman to get pharmacy degree in Iowa

Hattie Hutchison: First Black Woman To Obtain A Pharmacy Degree In Iowa

In 1907, The Iowa State Bystander announced that Hattie Hutchison was the first African American woman to obtain a pharmacy degree in Iowa. A large photo of Hutchison accompanied the article. But despite this announcement—and her accomplishment—the details of her life remain a mystery. Early Years Hattie Hutchison was born in 1878 in Lancaster, MO. […]